Goods are considered dangerous goods due to their chemical and /or physical characteristics. They can constitute danger to passengers, to the structure of the aircraft, or to other shipments being transported.
Dangerous cargo is classified into 9 classes:
|Class one||Explosives: substances or devises that have an explosive effect, for example - toil bonnets, detonators, grenades, fireworks, ammunitions, etc.|
|Class two||Gases: compressed, liquefied, dissolved under pressure or profoundly refrigerated, cigarette lighters, etc.|
|Class three||Inflammable liquids: liquids or mixtures of liquids that discharge inflammable vapour in medium temperatures, for example - alcohol for painting, petroleum, fluids and benzene, etc.|
|Class four||Inflammable solids: substances that spontaneously enter into combustion, substances that in contact with water issue inflammable gases, for example - phosphor, potassium, etc.|
|Class five||Oxidant substances: organic peroxides, or substances that normally do not burn, but when exposed to oxygen, can set fire to other materials, for example - bleached powder, permanganate of potassium, disinfectants, chemical substance used in swimming pools, etc.|
|Class six||Poisonous (toxic) and infectious substances: substances that cause death or health problems, insecticides, combinations of cyanides, and substances that contain viable micro-organisms or their known toxins.|
|Class seven||Radioactive materials: Radioactive materials mean any material containing radio-nuclides where the concentration of activity or total activity on the consignation exceeds the amounts specified in the IATA Regulations on dangerous Goods, for example - uranium, carbon-14, etc.|
|Class eight||Corrosives: substances that can cause severe damage by chemical action when in contact with the living tissue or that can severely damage other cargos or the aircraft, for example - hydrochloric acid, instruments that contain mercury, etc.|
|Class nine||Mixed dangerous goods: these are substances or articles not covered by the other classes and which can be a source of danger when in contact with air. These include magnetized materials which can affect the flight navigation systems, and other regulated substances that can cause extreme disappointment or discomfort, for example - dry ice, amianthus, machines of internal combustion, consumer goods, dangerous substances, etc.|
The consignor is responsible for the identification and classification of all the dangerous goods for transport by air, so before expediting any goods for air transportation the consignor must:
- Identify correctly all dangerous items and substances that constitute the shipment
- Classify each item of the dangerous cargo within the existing nine classes and, when applicable, classify its subsidiary risk • Ensure that the requirements for interior and exterior packaging have been adequately met
- The dangerous merchandise must be put in good quality packaging material that can resist the normal conditions for shipment by air
- All dangerous goods must be subject to space reservation. Their acceptance only becomes effective when there is a confirmed reservation from the origin to destination.
- When the transport involves more than one airline, the space reservation must be requested from all the airlines involved.
For the acceptance of dangerous cargo, a handling fee of 300,00 MT is applied.